March 15, 2017 Booklist 9 www.booklistonline.com
ate, there is also information about ongoing
research and possible new treatments. The
introduction discusses the types of chronic
diseases: communicable, hereditary and con-
genital, and those caused by diet, tobacco
and alcohol consumption, or a sedentary
lifestyle. A resource list of print and online
sources completes the work. Some of the
print sources are a bit dated, but the web-
sites are from excellent government and
nonprofit agencies. Libraries with budgetary
constraints will be able to find all this infor-
mation free online at different websites, but
this is a useful set for public, high-school,
and consumer-health libraries in need of a
basic print resource. —Barbara Bibel
YA/C: Suitable for high-school health
reference collections. RV.
Deviate: The Science of Seeing
By Beau Lotto.
Apr. 2017. 352p. illus. Hachette, $28 (9780316300193);
e-book, $14.99 (9780316300179). 612.
Lotto, a world-renowned neuroscientist
and TED Talks speaker, takes readers on a
mind-bending journey in this culmination
of more than 25 years of research. Lotto literally challenges the way we see the world by
dissecting how our brains perceive our environments and how we make meaning out of
what our senses gather. Lotto compares our
perceptions with those of animals—from the
minuscule bumblebee, which evolved to see
The Handy Boston Answer Book
The Handy California Answer Book
The Handy Geography Answer Book, 3e
The Handy State-by-State Answer Book
The Monster Book
Distributed by Legato Publishers Group
Over 25 Years of the
ground below, looking to paved, farmed,
and wild spaces to unpack a whopper of a
cautionary tale. Gathering perspectives of
historians and scientists, and traveling from
New York to Treblinka, he reveals that a teaspoon of soil holds more microorganisms
than there are people on Earth. The ground
gives rise to every plant, animal, and human.
Understanding dirt is important; protecting
it is even more so. The Dust Bowl was caused
by the destruction of tallgrass prairies, which
left the precious soil loose and exposed.
Paving over the land basically kills it, and
given the pace of population growth, this
destruction is not expected to slow. Under
the weight of 21 million inhabitants, Mexico
City has sunk 30 feet over the last 50 years.
Beyond ecological concerns, Bogard asserts
that pavement disconnects us from nature,
making the land seem homogeneous and
undermining our well-being. The fragility of
the life-giving earth we call dirt is the fragility of us all. —Andie Paloutzian
Health & Medicine
And Then You’re Dead: What Really
Happens If You Get Swallowed by a
Whale, Are Shot from a Cannon, or Go
Barreling over Niagara.
By Cody Cassidy and Paul Doherty.
Apr. 2017. 256p. Penguin, paper, $16 (9780143108443).
Readers wondering what would really hap-
pen if someone were buried alive should look
no further than this arch, brainy volume.
Cassidy and Doherty present an exhaustive
series of deadly scenarios ranging from the
absurd (“What If You Toured the Pringle
Factory and Fell off the Catwalk?”) to the
unlikely (“What If You Were Holding This
Book and It Instantly Collapsed into a Black
Hole?”) to the worryingly possible (“What
If You Lived in a Nuclear Winter?”), and
in every chapter, they offer vivid, engaging,
and utterly fascinating scientific explana-
tions. This merrily macabre compendium
playfully offers lessons in
basic human physiology,
nuclear fusion, quantum
physics, and fluid dynam-
ics, among other things,
and at every turn, the au-
thors explain the concepts
cogently and with glee-
ful enthusiasm. At times,
this is uproariously funny, as in the chapter
about getting in a tub of liquid helium, at a
balmy -452 degrees: not only would you die
spectacularly, but your shrieks of pain would
emerge as high-pitched squeaks. Elsewhere,
it’s poetic: skydiving from the International
Space Station would turn you into a flaming
streak of ionized plasma “far brighter than
any shooting star.” With bite-size morsels
of astonishing science and the perfect com-
bination of smart-alecky writing and black
humor, this page-turner will surely debunk
any misapprehension that science is dull.
YA: This easily could have been published
as YA, and snarky, curious teens with a
thirst for grisly details will be thoroughly
Beauty Sick: How the Cultural
Obsession with Appearance Hurts
Girls and Women.
By Renee Engeln.
Apr. 2017. 400p. Harper, $26.99 (9780062469779). 362.2.
Northwestern University psychology professor Engeln’s sharp examination of beauty
sickness reveals its disturbing impact on women of all ages, ethnicities, and backgrounds.
Defined as “what happens when women’s emotional energy gets so bound
up with what they see in the
mirror that it becomes harder
for them to see other aspects
of their lives,” beauty sickness is incredibly destructive.
Engeln’s research explores
how media representations
of idealized femininity affect
women’s self-confidence as well as how women
learn to evaluate their own appearances and
self-monitor. Each chapter intersperses Engeln’s
interviews with analysis of her lab studies and
other research. The interviews allow women
to explain their own diverse experiences with
beauty sickness. Engeln’s writing is engaging
and conversational, and often includes notes
on her own experiences as examples of the
concepts she introduces. Beauty Sick addresses
a wide range of subjects, including media, so-cial-media usage, disordered eating, ineffective
methods to promote body positivity, and ways
that beauty sickness may be overcome. Engeln’s
book is thought-provoking and will be fascinating for all readers, especially those interested
in psychology, cultural studies, media, or gender studies. —Laura Chanoux
YA: Teenagers will appreciate Engeln’s
clear exploration of idealized-beauty
culture and its damaging effect on women
of all ages, including young adults. LC.
Chronic Diseases: An Encyclopedia of
Causes, Effects, and Treatments.
Ed. by Jean Kaplan Teichroew.
2v. 2016. 756p. Greenwood, $189 (9781440801037).
Chronic diseases, which have no cure but
can be managed, are a major health problem
affecting millions of people and accounting for
a large part of health-care expenditures in the
U.S. This encyclopedia is a good starting point
for information on these common diseases. The
set contains 323 alphabetical, signed entries
with cross-references and resource lists. Entries
cover a wide range of topics: specific diseases
and conditions, health issues, prevention and
care, and general issues (such as Environment,
Health literacy, and Poverty).
Disease entries include definitions, symptoms, causes, treatment options, diagnosis,
risk factors, and outcomes. Where appropri-